Should I use a lotion or a patch to relieve pain?
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Generally speaking, most commonly used topical analgesics contain anti-inflammatory and analgesic ingredients. Some compound formulas may add menthol, capsaicin, etc., which can cause a cold and burning sensation after use. The choice of topical medication can be tailored to each individual's needs, and the stickiness caused by the patch is relatively less; If you want to use it multiple times a day, spray or liniment are suitable.

Local topical medication is absorbed through the skin and does not irritate the gastrointestinal tract compared to oral medication. But clinical experts also remind that when applying ointment, it should not exceed 6-8 hours each time. Unless it is an acute injury, if conditions permit, it can be applied after taking a shower at night to avoid the combination of medication and sweat, and reduce skin allergic reactions. Secondly, because the onset of pain mostly occurs in the middle of the night or early morning, it can also effectively exert its therapeutic effects and alleviate pain and discomfort.

Generally speaking, the high hydrophilicity of gel pastes is better than that of ordinary pastes. If there is a rash or itching on the edge of the patch, it may be an allergic reaction and should be removed immediately.

Topical medications such as sprays, liniments, and patches have better efficacy in shallow joints and muscles, such as the wrist, elbow, shoulder, knee, etc., due to their permeability; If it were deep muscles such as the thighs and buttocks, it wouldn't be so suitable. Sprays and lotions are prone to contaminating clothing and have a strong irritant effect. It is recommended that patients clean and wash their hands strictly after applying medication to avoid contaminating mucosal tissues such as the eyes and mouth.

Common topical medications
Classification Pharmacological action Representative formulations
Representative formulations Pain relieving and anti-inflammatory Flurbiprofen gel patch, loxoprofen sodium patch
Methylsalicylic acid Analgesia Compound methyl salicylate menthol patch, compound salicylic acid tincture
Diclofenac Pain relieving and anti-inflammatory Sodium Diclofenac Aerosol, Diclofenac Diethylamine Latex
Mint, capsaicin Reduce pain sensation Capsaicin Liniment, Mint Oil, Vanilla Oil


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